3 New European Directives Now in Effect
EMC, LVD and RED

We will be continuously updating this site with the latest information regarding the three new EU Directives as information becomes available.

26 July 2017 Update Summary:

The OJ has been issued for LVD, RED, R&TTE, & EMCD. Click on the following links for the updates:
Update LVD
Update RED — Read our article on preparing for RED
Update EMCD

1 February 2017 Update Summary:

As of today the RED is in effect. Be sure to also notice the RED's effect on the EMC & LVD Directives. See details below.

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Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC 2014/30/EU)
Low Voltage (LVD 2014/35/EU)
Radio Equipment (RED 2014/53/EU)

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Three new Directives for the electrical sector have been published and are now in effect: the EMCD (Directive 2014/30/EU), the LVD (Directive 2014/35/EU) and the RED (Directive 2014/53/EU). When comparing these directives to the previous version you will find that many changes were made, particularly to the RED and its applicability to certain product families. Unfortunately the changes are numerous enough that we cannot summarize them all. There has been some confusion as to the date of applicability and transitional period for these new Directives, so the purpose of this article is to try to provide some guidance.

New EMC Directive 2014/30/EU

Since 20 April 2016, the new European Union EMC Directive 2014/30/EU is now in effect and the previous EMC Directive 2004/1008/EC has been withdrawn. The new directive is a “recast” directive and does not change the scope or essential requirements as related to the current directive it replaces (except for changes introduced in the scope of the RED that affect the EMC Directive).

The new EMCD applies to products "placed on the market"* on or after 20 April 2016.
(* For definition of "placed on market" see "Placing on the Market" section below)

Many former requirements remain the same and are listed in Annex 1. Some of the changes are identified below:

New Low Voltage (Safety) Directive (LVD) 2014/35/EU

A new LVD Directive 2014/35/EU was published in the Official Journal of the European Communities on 29 March 2014. It replaces the previous version (2006/95/EC) and became effective on 20 April 2016. It is a “recast” directive and does not change the scope or essential requirements as related to the current directive it replaces (except for changes introduced in the scope of the RED that affect the LVD Directive).

The new LVD is applied to products "placed on the market"* on or after 20 April 2016.
(* For definition of "placed on market" see "Placing on the Market" section below)

A brief summary of the most significant LVD changes follows:

New Radio Equipment Directive (RED) 2014/53/EU Now in Effect

The new Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (RED) replaces the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC. The RED is now in effect and only applies to products placed on the market/put into service on or after 13 June 2016. There is a 1-year transition period applicable for this Directive that applies as follows:

For products within the scope of the current R&TTE Directive and which remain within the scope of the RED:

(* For definition of "placed on market" see "Placing on the Market" section below)

For products currently within the old & new LVD & EMCD that fall within the RED beginning 13 June 2016 (i.e. TV and sound broadcast receivers):

(* For definition of "placed on market" see "Placing on the Market" section below)

For products currently within the R&TTE Directive but will be outside the RED (i.e. Wired Terminal equipment):

(* For definition of "placed on market" see "Placing on the Market" section below)

Most important are the changes in the scope of the RED, which will only apply to radio products. The provisions for Telecom and Terminal Equipment are no longer referenced in the RED. Broadcast receivers will fall under the provision of the RED directive as well.  The RED covers all essential requirements for EMC, Electrical Safety, and Radio & Radio Spectrum aspects of the product. Therefore, the EMC and Low Voltage Directives do not apply to radio products.

Some of the changes brought about by the new RED are listed below:

"Placing on the Market"

Each individual serial number of a product is considered to be "placed on the market" when it is made available for the first time on the European Union Market and must comply with the harmonized legislation in effect at that moment. The "moment" is defined as when a manufacturer or importer supplies a product to a distributor or an end-user for the first time. This can only be done by a manufacturer or an importer. Any subsequent operation, for instance from a distributor to a distributor or from a distributor to an end-user, is defined as "making available" and not defined as "placing on the market."

The concept of "placing on the market" refers to each individual product, not to a specific model of a product whether it was manufactured as an individual unit or in series. Consequently, even though a product model or type has been supplied before new European Union harmonization legislation laying down new mandatory requirements entered into force, individual units of the same model or type which are placed on the market after the new requirements have become applicable must comply with these new requirements.

Placing a product on the market requires an offer or an agreement (written or verbal) between two or more legal or natural persons for the transfer of ownership, possession or any other property right concerning the product in question. This transfer could be for payment or free of charge. It does not require the physical handover of the product.

Making a new DoC

The commission has issued some significant changes to what you need to do to allow your product to have an orderly placement in the European Marketplace during 2016 and 2017. You will need to generate a new DoC.

There is a recommended DoC form on the following web location:
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/electrical-engineering/emc-directive/index_en.htm#t_0_1
Click on Guidance and then ADCO Documents and Recommendations.
Download (2016-01-04 example of EMC DoC). You will get the form below:

The real PDF file includes fillable form fields. You can print the completed form and save it to your device. I also believe this form can be modified to include any directive you need to add. -Don Sweeney

Until clearer direction is available from the commission, when placing a product on the market (see prior definition of "placing on the market") just before or just after the expiration date, I (Donald L. Sweeney) would suggest that you include in your new DoC a statement such as one of the following:

For EMC:
“The object of the declaration described herein is in conformity with the relevant EU legislation EMC Directive 2014/30/EU.” See example DoC above.

For LVD:
“The object of the declaration described herein is in conformity with the relevant EU legislation Directive 2014/35/EU.” See example DoC above.

For RED:
See example of full DoC above.

  • A DoC is required for the RED (similar to the R&TTED).
  • Instead of the full DoC, supply the alternative simplified DoC with the product. A limited DoC is mandatory.
  • A version of the limited DoC, in all official languages of the EU that have been published, can be found in Annex VII of the RED and is also shown below.
  • Keep the full DoC in English only at your office (or your website).

It would not make sense to have the full DoC on your website in all EU languages. Only supply the full DoC if an authority requests it. If another language is required, then have it translated ASAP (as indicated in #1).

SIMPLIFIED EU DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY

The English version of the Simplified EU declaration of conformity referred to in Article 10(9) shall be provided as follows: “Hereby, [Name of manufacturer] declares that the Radio equipment type [designation of type of radio equipment] is in compliance with Directive 2014/53/EU. The full text of the EU declaration of conformity is available at the following internet address: [www. place manufacturer’s web address here.com]

For your convenience, D.L.S. has downloaded all official language versions of the RED directive, copied only Annex VII from each, and combined them all into a single Word document. If you follow the directions at the top of the page to substitute the 3 items you are required to fill in for each language, you will have your Simplified DoC for your product for the RED. Be sure to only copy the Annex VIIs (not the instructions at the top) into your form to be supplied with the product. Please confirm the Simplified DoC makes sense for your application. CLICK HERE to download your working form.

We suggest that you also add to the full DoC the rationale of why it meets the new directive.

There are now updates to the Official Journal. Continue testing with the standards that are listed in the last Official Journal until further notice is given by the Commission. I realize the Commission is not making this easy for you.

CLICK HERE to go to our EU Blue Guide page to download the latest 26 July 2016 version.

In Summary:

OLD Directive Last day to place equipment on market using OLD directive NEW Directive First Day you can use NEW directive
EMC 2004/108/EC
Has Passed
EMC 2014/30/EU
20 April 2016
LVD 2006/95/EC
Has Passed
LVD 2014/35/EU
20 April 2016
R&TTE 1999/5/EC
13 June 2017
Radio Equipment
(RED 2014/53/EU)

Can use 13 June 2016 and allowed to sell under R&TTE until 13 June 2017
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